⒈ Show Boat Character Analysis
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Now … came complete integration of song, humor and production numbers into a single and inextricable artistic entity. The quality of Show Boat was recognized immediately by critics, and it is frequently revived. Awards did not exist for Broadway shows in , when the show premiered, or in when its first revival was staged. In doing research for her proposed novel Show Boat , writer Edna Ferber spent five days on the James Adams Floating Palace Theatre in Bath, North Carolina , gathering material about a disappearing American entertainment venue, the river showboat.
In a few weeks, she gained what she called a "treasure trove of show-boat material, human, touching, true". Ferber researched these American showboats for months prior to her stay on the Floating Palace Theatre. Jerome Kern was impressed by the novel and, hoping to adapt it as a musical, asked the critic Alexander Woollcott to introduce him to Ferber in October Woollcott introduced them that evening during the intermission of Kern's latest musical, Criss Cross.
Ferber was at first shocked that anyone would want to adapt Show Boat as a musical. After being assured by Kern that he did not want to adapt it as the typical frivolous "girlie" show of the s, she granted him and his collaborator Oscar Hammerstein II the rights to set her novel to music. After composing most of the first-act songs, Kern and Hammerstein auditioned their material for producer Florenz Ziegfeld , thinking that he was the person to create the elaborate production they felt necessary for Ferber's sprawling work. Though Ziegfeld anticipated opening his new theatre on Sixth Avenue with Show Boat , the epic nature of the work required an unusually long gestation period and extensive changes during out-of-town tryouts.
Impatient with Kern and Hammerstein and worried about the serious tone of the musical he strongly disliked the songs Ol' Man River and Mis'ry's Comin' Aroun , Ziegfeld decided to open his theatre in February with Rio Rita , a musical by Kern's collaborator Guy Bolton. When Rio Rita proved to be a success, Show Boat' s Broadway opening was delayed until Rita could be moved to another theatre. Note: Although the basic plot of Show Boat has always remained the same, over the years revisions and alterations were made by the creators, and over time by subsequent producers and directors.
Some of these revisions were for length and some for convenience, as when a different actor played a certain role and was unable to perform a specialty piece written for the role's creator. Some have been made to reflect contemporary sensitivities toward race, gender and other social issues. In , the show boat Cotton Blossom arrives at the river dock in Natchez, Mississippi.
The Reconstruction era had ended a decade earlier, and white-dominated Southern legislatures have imposed racial segregation and Jim Crow rules. The boat's owner, Cap'n Andy Hawks, introduces his actors to the crowd on the levee. A fistfight breaks out between Steve Baker, the leading man of the troupe, and Pete, a rough engineer who had been making passes at Steve's wife, the leading lady Julie La Verne. Steve knocks Pete down, and Pete swears revenge, suggesting he knows a dark secret about Julie. Cap'n Andy pretends to the shocked crowd that the fight was a preview of one of the melodramas to be performed.
The troupe exits with the showboat band, and the crowd follows. A handsome riverboat gambler, Gaylord Ravenal , appears on the levee and is taken with eighteen-year-old Magnolia "Nolie" Hawks, an aspiring performer and the daughter of Cap'n Andy and his wife Parthenia Ann Parthy Ann. Magnolia is likewise smitten with Ravenal " Make Believe ". She seeks advice from Joe, a black dock worker aboard the boat, who has returned from buying flour for his wife Queenie, the ship's cook.
He replies that he has "seen a lot like [Ravenal] on the river. He and the other dock workers reflect on the wisdom and indifference of " Ol' Man River ", who does not seem to care what the world's troubles are, but "jes' keeps rollin' along". Magnolia finds Julie inside and announces that she is in love. Julie cautions her that this stranger could be just a "no-account river feller". Magnolia says that if she found out he was "no-account", she would stop loving him.
Julie warns her that it is not that easy to stop loving someone, explaining that she will always love Steve and singing a few lines of " Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man ". Queenie overhears — she is surprised that Julie knows that song as she has only heard "colored folks" sing it. Magnolia remarks that Julie sings it all the time, and when Queenie asks if she can sing the entire song, Julie obliges. During the rehearsal for that evening, Julie and Steve learn that the town sheriff is coming to arrest them. Steve takes out a large pocket knife and makes a cut on the back of her hand, sucking the blood and swallowing it. Pete returns with the sheriff, who insists the show cannot proceed because Julie is a mulatto who has been passing as white and local law prohibits mixed marriages.
Julie admits that her mother was black, but Steve tells the sheriff that he also has "black blood" in him, so their marriage is legal in Mississippi. The troupe backs him up, boosted by the ship's pilot Windy McClain, a longtime friend of the sheriff. The couple have escaped the charge of miscegenation, but they still have to leave the show boat; identified as black, they can no longer perform for the segregated white audience. Cap'n Andy fires Pete, but in spite of his sympathy for Julie and Steve, he cannot violate the law for them.
Ravenal returns and asks for passage on the boat. Andy hires him as the new leading man and assigns his daughter Magnolia as the new leading lady, over her mother's objections. As Magnolia and Ravenal begin to rehearse their roles and in the process, kiss for the first time infuriating Parthy , Joe reprises the last few lines of "Ol' Man River". Weeks later, Magnolia and Ravenal have been a hit with the crowds and have fallen in love. As the levee workers hum "Ol' Man River" in the background, he proposes to Magnolia, and she accepts.
The couple joyously sings " You Are Love ". They make plans to marry the next day while Parthy, who disapproves, is out of town. Parthy has discovered that Ravenal once killed a man and arrives with the Sheriff to interrupt the wedding festivities. The group learns that Ravenal was acquitted of murder. Cap'n Andy calls Parthy "narrow-minded" and defends Ravenal by announcing that he also once killed a man. Parthy faints, but the ceremony proceeds. Six years have passed, and it is Ravenal and Magnolia have moved to Chicago , where they make a precarious living from Ravenal's gambling.
Depressed over his inability to support his family, Ravenal abandons Magnolia and Kim. Frank and Ellie, two former actors from the showboat, learn that Magnolia is living in the rooms they want to rent. The old friends seek a singing job for Magnolia at the Trocadero, the club where they are doing a New Year's show. Julie is working there. She has fallen into drinking after having been abandoned by Steve. At a rehearsal, she tries out the new song " Bill. From her dressing-room, she hears Magnolia singing "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" for her audition, the song which Julie taught her years ago. Julie secretly quits her job so that Magnolia can fill it, without learning of her sacrifice. Ravenal visits his daughter Kim at the convent where she goes to school to say goodbye before leaving her forever "Make Believe" reprise.
Andy goes to the Trocadero without his wife, and sees Magnolia overcome with emotion and nearly booed off stage. Andy rallies the crowd by starting a sing-along of the standard, " After the Ball ". Magnolia becomes a great musical star. More than 20 years pass, and it is Cap'n Andy has a chance meeting with Ravenal and arranges his reunion with Magnolia. Andy knows that Magnolia is retiring and returning to the Cotton Blossom with Kim, who has become a Broadway star.
Kim gives her admirers a taste of her performing abilities by singing an updated, Charleston version of "Why Do I Love You? Although he is uncertain about asking her to take him back, Magnolia, who has never stopped loving him, greets him warmly and does. As the happy couple walks up the boat's gangplank, Joe and the cast sing the last verse of "Ol' Man River". The MGM film changed the final scenes of the story, as well as many small details.
It reconciles Ravenal and Magnolia a few years after they separate, rather than 23 years later. When Ravenal leaves Magnolia in Chicago, she is pregnant. By a chance meeting with Julie, Ravenal learns that Magnolia gave birth to his daughter. He returns to her and sees the child Kim playing. Magnolia sees them together and takes him back, and the family returns to the show boat. Joe and the chorus start singing "Ol' Man River" as the scenes unfold, then the paddlewheel starts turning in tempo with the music, as the ship heads down river.
Julie is shown, viewing from a distance. She had watched the scene from the shadows. The original production ran four-and-a-half hours during tryouts but was trimmed to just over three by the time it got to Broadway. They were discarded beginning with the revival, although "Till Good Luck" was included in the Harold Prince revival of the show. It was restored in the film version and several stage productions since the s. On record, "Hey Feller! Kern and Hammerstein wrote two new songs for revivals and three more for the film version. The Harold Fielding production in London in the early s claimed to use the entire original score, but it omitted "Hey, Feller! This cast album broke ground in being the first two-LP version of Show Boat ever released.
The score also includes four songs not originally written for Show Boat : " Bill " was originally written by Kern and P. Wodehouse in and was reworked by Hammerstein for Show Boat. Howard and " After the Ball " by Charles K. Harris , were included by the authors for historical atmosphere and are included in revivals. Some of the following numbers have been cut or revised in subsequent productions, as noted below the songs "Ol' Man River", "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man", and " Bill " have been included in every stage and film production of Show Boat :.
Ziegfeld previewed the show in a pre-Broadway tour from November 15 to December 19, The locations included the National Theatre in Washington, D. The critics were immediately enthusiastic, and the show was a great popular success, running a year and a half, for a total of performances. The production was staged by Oscar Hammerstein II. The scenic design for the original production was by Joseph Urban , who had worked with Ziegfeld for many years in his Follies and had designed the elaborate new Ziegfeld Theatre itself. Costumes were designed by John Harkrider. In his opening night review for the New York Times , Brooks Atkinson called the book's adaptation "intelligently made", and the production one of "unimpeachable skill and taste".
He termed Terris "a revelation"; Winninger "extraordinarily persuasive and convincing"; and Bledsoe's singing "remarkably effective". The character Joe, the stevedore who sings "Ol' Man River", was expanded from the novel and written specifically by Kern and Hammerstein for Paul Robeson , already a noted actor and singer. Although he is the actor most identified with the role and the song, he was unavailable for the original production due to its opening delay.
Jules Bledsoe premiered the part. Robeson played Joe in four notable productions of Show Boat : the London premiere production, the Broadway revival, the film version and a stage revival in Los Angeles. Reviewing the Broadway revival, the critic Brooks Atkinson described Robeson's performance: "Mr. Robeson has a touch of genius. It is not merely his voice, which is one of the richest organs on the stage. It is his understanding that gives 'Old Man River' an epic lift. When he sings After closing at the Ziegfeld Theatre in , the original production toured extensively. The national company is notable for including Irene Dunne as Magnolia. Mahoney Rubberface recreating their original Broadway stage roles.
The revival featured a revised score and new song by Kern and Hammerstein, and a new overture and orchestrations by Robert Russell Bennett. The successful production ran for performances and then toured extensively. Kern, however, died just weeks before the January 5, opening, making it the last show he worked on. It was produced by Richard Rodgers , and Robert Russell Bennett once again provided a new overture and revised orchestrations. Buckley and Douglas Urbanski. In the Paper Mill Playhouse of Millburn, New Jersey , mounted a production which was noted for its intention to restore the show in accordance with the creators' original intentions.
The production restored part of the original overture and one number discarded from the show after the Broadway opening, as well as the song Ah Still Suits Me , written by Kern and Hammerstein for the film version. Livent Inc. Prince's production revived interest in the show by tightening the book, dropping and adding songs used in or cut from various productions, and highlighting its racial elements. The change was partly to accommodate the song's being performed by Stritch. Two new mime and dance "Montages" in Act 2 depicted the passage of time through changing styles of dance and music. Other West End presentations include a production at the Adelphi Theatre , which ran for performances.
It was the first fully staged musical production in the history of that venue. A production was transferred from Sheffield 's Crucible Theatre to London's New London Theatre with previews beginning on April 9, , and an official opening on April 25, It was directed by Daniel Evans using the Goodspeed Musicals version of the show. Show Boat was adapted for live radio at least seven times. Due to network censorship rules, many of the radio productions eliminated the miscegenation aspect of the plot. Notable exceptions were the Cavalcade of America broadcast  and the Lux Radio Theatre broadcast. There have been many other studio cast recordings of Show Boat in addition to those mentioned above. The soundtrack of the film version has appeared on a so-called "bootleg" CD label called Xeno.
Show Boat boldly portrayed racial issues and was the first racially integrated musical, in that both black and white performers appeared and sang on stage together. Show Boat was structured with two choruses — a black chorus and a white chorus. One commentator noted that "Hammerstein uses the African-American chorus as essentially a Greek chorus , providing clear commentary on the proceedings, whereas the white choruses sing of the not-quite-real. Show Boat was the first Broadway musical to seriously depict an interracial marriage , as in Ferber's original novel, and to feature a character of mixed race who was " passing " for white. Although the musical comedy Whoopee! The show has generated controversy for the subject matter of interracial marriage, the historical portrayal of blacks working as laborers and servants in the 19th-century South, and the use of the word niggers in the lyrics this is the first word in the opening chorus of the show.
Originally the show opened with the black chorus onstage singing:. In subsequent productions, "niggers" has been changed to "colored folk", to "darkies", and in one choice, "Here we all", as in "Here we all work on the Mississippi. Here we all work while the white folks play. The London revival used "Here we all work on the Mississippi". Many critics believe that Kern and Hammerstein wrote the opening chorus to give a sympathetic voice to an oppressed people, and that they intended its use in an ironic way, as it had so often been used in a derogatory way.
They wanted to alert the audience to the realities of racism :. This is a protest song , more ironic than angry perhaps, but a protest nonetheless. In the singers' hands, the word nigger has a sardonic tone This is a very effective scene These are not caricature roles; they are wise, if uneducated, people capable of seeing and feeling more than some of the white folk around them. The racial situations in the play provoke thoughts of how hard it must have been to be black in the South.
In the dialogue, some of the blacks are called "niggers" by the white characters in the story. Contrary to what is sometimes thought, black slavery is not depicted in the play; U. Student ID. I was gonna be the first person in my family to graduate from community college. Everyone else graduated from normal college. Troy in Season One. Troy in Season Two. Troy in Season Three. Troy in Season Four. Troy in Season Five. Keg flip, they are very hard to pull off! You fix not only air conditioners but the men who fix air conditioners. He never let me use it because he thinks I'm a child. He's hiding the indoor swing and I'm a child? Why are there so many collars in here? Secret dogs! I just wanted you guys to think I was cool. Jeff Winger Joel McHale.
Britta Perry Gillian Jacobs. Abed Nadir Danny Pudi. Shirley Bennett Yvette Nicole Brown. Annie Edison Alison Brie. Troy Barnes Donald Glover. Ben Chang Ken Jeong. Craig Pelton Jim Rash. Pierce Hawthorne Chevy Chase. Universal Conquest Wiki. Troy began the series as an arrogant, selfish jock who was so concerned with keeping his former High School status that he wore his letterman jacket for the first few days at Greendale.
Jeff implied that Troy wanted so badly to be liked that much of what he did was done just to appear a certain way to other people. Eventually, Troy evolved from his original persona into an overly sensitive and goofy nerd. The transformation was largely due to his mutually beneficial friendship with Abed, something Troy seemed to lack in his high school years. Troy cared deeply about his friends and has been willing to sacrifice himself for their sake on several occasions " Epidemiology " , " First Chang Dynasty ".
Despite his heroic and lovable traits, Troy has numerous insecurities and something of a childish personality. It is noted by Abed that Troy is extremely emotional, easily distracted, and is insecure about his level of intelligence " Pillows and Blankets ". He struggled to be viewed as an adult by the rest of the study group due to his juvenile antics with Abed. However, it's shown that he can be serious and mature when he needs to be " Introduction to Finality ".
You are a stupid jock who lost his scholarship by dislocating both shoulders in a keg stand! I just spent the last two years thinking that you guys knew more than me about life and I just found out that you guys are just as dumb as me! School year synopsis Troy is still adjusting to living with Pierce when he returns to school. You are the True Repairman Troy. School year synopsis In Troy's third year at school, he and Abed finally move in together. It's Pierce's special gym.
School year synopsis Troy started his fourth at school in a relationship with Britta. I've never been to LegoLand. School year synopsis Troy and the study group are unexpectedly reunited with Jeff for another year at Greendale Community College. Abed Nadir See main article: " Troy and Abed " Troy and Abed are best friends whose bromance has been prominently featured on the show. The other members of the study group are both amused and disturbed at how close the two are. Their many misadventures at Greendale inevitably drag their friends into their hijinks and the entire school a few times as well. Being that Abed is unable to adequately express emotion, and Troy is overly emotional, this has led to a few conflicts between them.
They soon make up, however, as they understand they are better together than apart. In the group's fifth year at school, Troy accepts an amazing opportunity but is forced to leave Greendale because of it. Abed has trouble saying goodbye to his best friend but eventually lets him go. They share one last adventure at school before he departs. Pierce Hawthorne Pierce and Troy initially started a friendship based on mutual adolescence. At the end of Troy's first year at Greendale, he moves out of his fathers house and accepts an offer from Pierce to move into his mansion " Pascal's Triangle Revisited ". The second year at school together it's revealed that Troy had been quoting Pierce under a Twitter account called "Old white man says" " Anthropology ".
When Troy later moves out of the mansion to live in an apartment with Abed, Pierce is shown to be jealous. Troy has hinted that he sees Pierce as a bit of a role model of a man going through life despite numerous hardships on his own " Remedial Chaos Theory ". When Pierce dies, he bequeaths his fortune to Troy stating that he sees great potential in him " Cooperative Polygraphy ". Annie Edison See main article: " Troy and Annie " In their freshmen year, Annie had a crush on Troy that was obvious to everyone except him. He remained oblivious until Britta and Jeff made him aware of it " Romantic Expressionism ". Unfortunately, at that point Annie had moved on and was dating Vaughn. While it is clear that he finds Annie attractive " Accounting for Lawyers " , he hasn't tried to pursue her romantically and instead has developed feelings for Britta " Competitive Wine Tasting ".
They have settled into a more fraternal dynamic between them and Troy has told Annie that he enjoys talking to her. Britta Perry See main article: " Troy and Britta " Troy and Britta bonded in their first year at Greendale after they discovered they were both taking dancing classes and keeping it a secret from the rest of the study group. It was hinted that Troy had a crush on Britta but she remained oblivious to it much like Troy was to Annie's crush on him. Britta later kisses Troy after he uses her attraction to men with pain to woo her.
She didn't reciprocate his feelings until their third year at school after realizing how deep his affection for her was. At the start of their Senior year at school they are in a relationship and dating. Jeff Winger Initially when Troy meets Jeff he is in awe of him but that admiration fades a bit as he gets to know him better. Jeff and Troy have shared interests in numerous things such as RC cars, basketball and secret trampolines. The two apparently stop hanging out as much as they used to when Britta reveals intimate details about sexual kinks. At the start of the group's third year at school, Jeff seems to be threatened by Troy and mocks his childishness. By the end of the year, however, Jeff has a change of heart and lets Troy know he doesn't have to be like him to be a grown-up.
It is implied that Troy looks to Jeff for approval at he end of " Course Listing Unavailable " both for rallying the group and his feelings for Britta which Jeff does. When Troy leaves Greendale to travel around the world, Jeff tells him that Troy leaving makes Troy cooler then he'll ever be. Shirley Bennett Troy has had the least interaction with Shirley out of all the study group members.
Troy is often subjected to Shirley's motherly ways and never wants to disappoint her. In their sophomore year at school, Troy kept a voice mail Chang sent him that hinted he could be the father of Shirley's baby a secret not wanting Shirley to know until he could verify it " Epidemiology ". During the Pillows and Blankets War she took Troy's side believing Abed was in the wrong for hurting his feelings.
On Halloween of their senior year the two team up together while in Pierce's mansion. She warns Troy to be careful while dating Britta " Paranormal Parentage ". Later, the two take P. A cantankerous and ornery old lady, Troy was not looking forward to seeing her. Britta attempted to show Troy that he should honor and cherish his grandmother. She learned that Troy was right about Nana Barnes when she accidentally insulted her and agreed to make it up to her by being spanked with a switch. After administrating the punishment, Nana Barnes overheard a conversation Troy and Britta had where her grandson called her a monster. She then demanded that Troy get her a switch so she could administer to him some punishment.
Notable appearances : " Basic Genealogy ". Jerry the Janitor During Troy's freshman year at Greendale , he displayed extraordinary skills as a plumber, which got the attention of a janitor named Jerry. Jerry tried to convince him to give up on college and pursue a career in plumbing. He later returned during Troy's third year at school and warned him about Vice Dean Laybourne and the Greendale air conditioning repair annex.
He even manipulated Troy and Abed against each other in an attempt to make this happen. After Troy finally enrolled at the school, Laybourne unexpectedly died in what is deemed an accident. Troy suspected his second-in-command Murray of having something to do with it. In a duel inside the Sun Chamber , Troy later saw what appeared to be Laybourne's ghost watching him in the crowd. After suspecting Murray for the death of Laybourne, Troy challenged him to a duel in The Sun Chamber and got him to admit his guilt.
Mariah In the study group's second year together at Greendale, Troy and Abed both competed for a date with a school librarian named Mariah. Despite the fact that she ultimately chose Troy, he decided not to go out with her after she admitted the reason she didn't pick Abed was because she found him to be weird.We the lady of shalott story where we came from so we don't repeat it, though we still have a long way Show Boat Character Analysis go. After telling Colbert Show Boat Character Analysis to quit his day job", Show Boat Character Analysis appeared in a short segment on the show and competed and won Show Boat Character Analysis DDR dance-off with Colbert. It's shocking that Fear In Edgar Allan Poes Renown Stories saying goodbye is Show Boat Character Analysis rarity in this world. Kim gives Show Boat Character Analysis admirers a taste of her performing abilities by singing an updated, Show Boat Character Analysis version of Show Boat Character Analysis Do I Love You?